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Depuis 1975, Clément Anthoine constitue à Jamioulx, une collection dense de conifères, rassemblés sur une superficie d'1.5 hectares.
Aujourd'hui, c'est un des pineta les plus complets du pays. La visite ne peut intéresser que des spécialistes. On y trouve aussi bien des espèces botaniques, que des cultivars selectionnés par des horticulteurs venus du monde entier.
Les collections sont réparties en deux groupes : plantation géographique d'espèces et variétés botaniques d'une part, et cultivars sur une pelouse d'autre part.
Une troisième section est consacrée à la multiplication et à la pépinière. Ce jeune pinetum constitue une collection de référence unique en Belgique.
Parmi les arbres remarquables : cent cinquante Abies, dont le rare sapin de Sicile (Abies nebrodensis), et un Abies pindrow var. brevifolia de ± 8 m de haut, d'autres arbres rares : Cupressocyparis 'Staplehill', Cupressus arizonica var. nevadensis, C. bakeri, Juniperus oxycedrus, J. thurifera de 4 m de haut, Picea abies 'Magnifica', Picea obovata 'Glauca', Picea spinulosa et près de trois cents pins.

Visite : Sur demande préalable toute l'année.

Entrée : Participation aux frais.

Durée : 2h.

Localisation: Ring ou autoroute jusqu'à Charleroi, sortie Porte de France. Sur le Ring au bout à droite et suivre Jamioulx. Sur la place de Jamioulx, direction Nalinnes, puis 1re rue à gauche.

25 Years of Collecting Conifers in Belgium

by Clément Anthoine
© ACS Bulletin, Vol. 16 No 4, Fall 1999, page 181-2.

Until the age of 10 my interest was mainly bird watching and their protection. This changed to conifers during forest ranger training at the Technic Horticol School of Mariemont in Belgium, following my military service in 1971-72. I do not work in forestry and collecting conifers is simply a hobby that takes up most of my free time.

I have collected conifers for 25 years. In the beginning I collected only species and varieties for the first 10 years, with the exception of several large cultivars that are "Aurea" (gold or yellow), "Glauca" (blue or grey), or "Fastigiata" (tall and narrow). I then began collecting mediumsized cultivars and for the last five years the smaller conifers and witches' brooms.

The first part of the collection contains species and varieties planted by geographic origin on one hectare (2.47 acres) with a southward exposure. The rest are planted on .3 hectares (0.74 acres) around the house. There are also several trees and shrubs, especially those with yellow and variegated foliage.

"Every winter I visit the nurseries in Belgium and neighboring countries to complete my collection."

Our soil is clay with schist (metamorphic rock with a plated structure in which the component flaky minerals are visible to the naked eye), and good drainage because of the hilly slopes. I am USDA Zone 6 to 7, according to Krussmann's Manual of Cultivated Conifers. Our temperature ranges from -12° C to + 30° C (10° F to 86° F) and we receive an average of 700 to 800 mm (27-32 in) of rain with very little snow in winter. We have snow only 20 or so days with an occasional accumulation of 20 cm (7.9 in). We are located at a latitude of N. 50° 21' 5" and longitude E. 4° 25' 20", at an altitude of approximately 150 meters (492 ft).

A small greenhouse allows me to protect the most fragile plants during the winter. It also permits me to propagate the plants by both seed and grafting. Those plants that I have a surplus of are used for exchange with others in the US and Europe who are interested in conifers.

"Today my collection consists of about 1'700-1'800 species, varieties and cultivars."

Every winter I visit the nurseries in Belgium and neighboring countries to complete my collection. Several of the species and varieties are almost complete in my collection, however a few are still missing.



dernière mise à jour : 18/12/2004 - contact webmaster